Die bulgarische Währung können Sie hier im Reisegeld-Shop der ReiseBank online kaufen. Natürlich auf Grundlage des aktuellen EUR-BGN-Wechselkurses. Die bulgarische Währung können Sie hier im Reisegeld-Shop der ReiseBank online kaufen. Natürlich auf Grundlage des aktuellen EUR-BGN-Wechselkurses. Zur Umrechnung Leva (BGN) in Euro finden Sie hier einen Währungsrechner mit stets aktuellem Umrechnungskurs. Zudem erhalten Sie hier für Ihre.
This eliminates the problem caused by the names dollar , franc , peso and pound being used in dozens of countries, each having significantly differing values.
Also, if a currency is revalued, the currency code's last letter is changed to distinguish it from the old currency. In some cases, the third letter is the initial for "new" in that country's language, to distinguish it from an older currency that was revalued; the code sometimes outlasts the usage of the term "new" itself for example, the code for the Mexican peso is MXN.
Other changes can be seen, however; the Russian ruble , for example, changed from RUR to RUB , where the B comes from the third letter in the word "ruble".
In addition to codes for most active national currencies ISO provides codes for "supranational" currencies, procedural purposes, and several things which are "similar to" currencies:.
The use of an initial letter "X" for these purposes is facilitated by the ISO rule that no official country code beginning with X will ever be assigned.
Because of this rule ISO can use X codes without risk of clashing with a future country code. ISO country codes beginning with "X" are used for private custom use reserved , never for official codes.
Consequently, ISO can use "X" codes for non-country-specific currencies without risk of clashing with future country codes. The inclusion of EU denoting the European Union in the ISO reserved codes list, allows the euro to be coded as EUR rather than assigned a code beginning with X, even though it is a supranational currency.
The ISO standard includes a crude mechanism for expressing the relationship between a major currency unit and its corresponding minor currency unit.
This mechanism is called the currency "exponent" and assumes a base of So the USD has exponent 2 10 to the power 2 is , which is the number of cents in a dollar.
Some currencies do not have any minor currency unit at all and these are given an exponent of 0, as with currencies whose minor units are unused due to negligible value.
There is also a three-digit code number assigned to each currency, in the same manner as there is also a three-digit code number assigned to each country as part of ISO This numeric code is usually the same as the ISO numeric code.
The ISO standard does not regulate either the spacing, prefixing or suffixing in usage of currency codes. Note that, as illustrated, the order is determined not by the currency, but by the native language of the document context.
In , the ISO Technical Committee 68 decided to develop codes for the representation of currencies and funds for use in any application of trade, commerce or banking.
Over time, new currencies are created and old currencies are discontinued. Frequently, these changes are due to the formation of new governments, treaties between countries standardizing on a shared currency, or revaluation of an existing currency due to excessive inflation.
As a result, the list of codes must be updated from time to time. The following is a list of active codes of official ISO currency names.
In the standard the values are called "alphabetic code", "numeric code", and "minor unit". The US dollar has two codes assigned: A number of currencies are not included in ISO , because these currencies are: Fixed exchange rate for a list of all currently pegged currencies.
Despite having no official recognition in ISO , the following non-ISO codes are sometimes used locally or commercially.
In addition, GBX is sometimes used for example on the London Stock Exchange to denote Penny sterling , a subdivision of pound sterling, the currency for the United Kingdom.
A number of currencies were official ISO currency codes and currency names until their replacement by the euro or other currencies.
The table below shows the ISO currency codes of former currencies and their common names which do not always match the ISO names. These codes were first introduced in december after a request from the reinsurance sector was accepted .
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is not to be confused with Currency sign. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Rules for expressing monetary units".
The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Retrieved 14 February Retrieved 29 November Archived from the original PDF on Archived from the original PDF on 29 July Retrieved 16 May Archived from the original PDF on 17 May Retrieved 14 May Retrieved 30 March In , a new series of notes dated and was introduced which gave the denominations solely in leva.
Denominations introduced were 5, 10, 20, 50, , , and leva. These were followed in by and leva. In , coins up to leva replaced notes, although lev notes were issued between and Between and , State Treasury Bills for and leva were issued.
However the rate for banking accounts was different, ranging from Prices for goods were replaced at a rate of In , coins dated were introduced in denominations of 1, 3, 5, 10 and 25 stotinki, with the lower three denominations in brass and the higher three in cupro-nickel.
Shortly after, cupro-nickel 20 stotinki coins dated were also issued, followed by 50 stotinki in and 1 lev in which replaced the 1 lev note both also in cupro-nickel.
All stotinki coins feature a head of wheat around denomination on the reverse and state emblem on the obverse, while the lev coin depicts an olive branch wreath around the denomination.
In , state notes dated  were issued in 1, 3 and 5 leva, together with notes of the National Bank for 10, 25, 50, and leva.
The reverse side of 1 lev, 3 and 5 leva notes depict hands holding up the hammer and sickle, while higher denominations each depict workers at various trades.
In , another redenomination took place at the rate of 10 to 1, setting the exchange rate at 1. After this, the lev remained fairly stable for almost three decades.
However, like other Communist countries' currencies, it was not freely convertible for Western funds. Consequently, black market rates were five to ten times higher than the official rate.
During the period, until the lev was backed by gold, and the banknotes have the text stating: After the fall of communism, Bulgaria experienced several episodes of drastic inflation and currency devaluation.
In order to change this, in , the lev was pegged to the Deutsche Mark , with lev equal to 1 DM one lev equal to 0. In , aluminum-bronze 1, 2, and 5 stotinki, and nickel-brass 10, 20 and 50 stotinki and 1 lev were introduced.
The coin series strongly resembles coinage from the Soviet Union during the same period, particularly in design and size. The state emblem is depicted on the obverse of all coins, which went through several changes.
The first change in with the introduction of the new coinage, and the second change in , with the ribbons being the most noticeable change.
A number of commemorative 2 leva coins also circulated during this period, often released into circulation as they had relatively high production numbers and little collector's value.
Higher denomination lev coins have also been introduced into circulation at an irregular basis with varying sizes and metallic compositions, including silver.
Mostly due to an overstock of numismatic coins not getting sold to collectors. Similar occurrences to this can be seen with high denomination coins from East Germany and Poland during the same period.
In , after the communist era , older coins were withdrawn and a new coinage was introduced in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 stotinki, 1, 2, 5 and 10 leva.
All were struck in nickel-brass except for the cupro-nickel 10 leva. In , nickel-brass 10, 20 and 50 leva were introduced.
In , the National Bank issued notes for 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 leva. A second series, in the same denominations, was issued in Again, denominations 10 leva and up featured Georgi Dimitrov, 1, 2, and 5 featured the state emblem.
After the fall of the communist regime, new notes were introduced for 20, 50, and leva. These were followed by leva notes in , and leva in , and 10, leva in , and 50, leva in On 5 July the lev was redenominated at The currency was no longer backed by gold and silver; thus the banknotes lost the text stating the lev's backing by gold or bank assets.
Since Bulgaria gained EU membership in various dates have been suggested as the expected end of the lev: Nevertheless, in The Economist noted suggestions to accelerate Bulgaria's path to the euro, or even let it be adopted immediately, despite the EU institutions' unwillingness to deviate from a policy of euro adoption only after five Euro convergence criteria have been met.
In , coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 stotinki were introduced. In November it was announced that coins of 2 leva to replace banknotes of the same value are to be introduced on December 7, In , and commemorative circulation issues were struck of the 50 stotinkas coin.
In , banknotes were introduced in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 leva. The 1 lev note has been nearly completely replaced in everyday use by the 1 lev coin.
The 2 leva note was replaced in everyday use by a coin on December 7, The fourth lev was pegged to the German mark at par from the start.
With the replacement of the Deutsche Mark by the euro , the lev's peg effectively switched to the euro at the rate of 1. This rate is unlikely to change before the lev's eventual retirement.
Bulgaria committed to adopting the euro as part of its joining the EU.
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